The World as Will and Idea, Vol. 3 of 3

Arthur SCHOPENHAUER (1788 - 1860), translated by R. B. HALDANE (1856 - 1928)

In this work, Schopenhauer explains his fundamental idea that at the root of the reality we see around us is a Will that eternally, insatiably seeks to be satisfied. Each human Subject observes the Objects around her from the perspective of that fundamental Will working within each person. The human observer is distracted by the details of life and individual distinctions that obscure this Will; only by penetrating this “principium individuationis” (which is enslaved by the cause-and-effect tyranny of the Principle of Sufficient Reason) can the observer perceive the essential Thing-In-Itself. Art has the power to make us see the Thing-In-Itself, the Platonic Idea freed from the individual particular manifestation of it, thus enabling us to transcend the individual Will and perceive something of true Reality. Perceiving the common Will in all humanity, we are able to come closer to an ego-less love based on that shared essence. Schopenhauer squarely faces the fact that existence is fundamentally suffering, but it would be simplistic to label him (as is so often done) as nothing but a pessimist. His affirmation of Art and Love is a transforming principle, having a powerful influence on writers such as Tolstoy. In the end, he chooses the Way of Negation as the path toward peace; by denying our Will, by silencing the many outbreaks of Will in our lives, we can approach the ultimate peace of annihilation that is the theme of the great Vedic philosophy of India, to which Schopenhauer admits his profound debt. - Summary by Expatriate

Genre(s): Modern

Language: English

Group: Schopenhauer - The World as Will and Idea (Vol. 1-3)

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 XXI. Retrospect and More General View Expatriate
00:07:55
Play 02 XXII. Objective View of the Intellect, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:18:55
Play 03 XXII. Objective View of the Intellect, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:18:29
Play 04 XXII. Objective View of the Intellect, Pt. 3 Expatriate
00:23:08
Play 05 XXIII. On The Objectification Of The Will In Unconscious Nature, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:18:03
Play 06 XXIII. On The Objectification Of The Will In Unconscious Nature, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:17:54
Play 07 XXIV. On Matter, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:21:58
Play 08 XXIV. On Matter, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:19:22
Play 09 XXV. Transcendent Considerations Concerning The Will As Thing In Itself Expatriate
00:27:32
Play 10 XXVI. On Teleology, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:22:09
Play 11 XXVI. On Teleology, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:24:05
Play 12 XXVII. On Instinct And Mechanical Tendency Expatriate
00:18:56
Play 13 XXVIII. Characterisation Of The Will To Live Expatriate
00:29:45
Play 14 XXIX. On The Knowledge Of The Ideas Expatriate
00:10:46
Play 15 XXX. On the Pure Subject of Knowledge Expatriate
00:25:34
Play 16 XXXI. On Genius, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:21:08
Play 17 XXXI. On Genius, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:22:25
Play 18 XXXI. On Genius, Pt. 3 Expatriate
00:25:21
Play 19 XXXII. On Madness Expatriate
00:11:34
Play 20 XXXIII. Isolated Remarks on Natural Beauty Expatriate
00:06:12
Play 21 XXXIV. On the Inner Nature of Art Expatriate
00:13:30
Play 22 XXXV. On The Æsthetics Of Architecture Expatriate
00:23:57
Play 23 XXXVI. Isolated Remarks On The Æsthetics Of The Plastic And Pictorial Arts Expatriate
00:14:32
Play 24 XXXVII. On The Æsthetics Of Poetry, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:20:33
Play 25 XXXVII. On The Æsthetics Of Poetry, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:22:21
Play 26 XXXVIII. On History Expatriate
00:22:25
Play 27 XXXIX. On The Metaphysics Of Music Expatriate
00:31:12
Play 28 XL. Preface Expatriate
00:03:53
Play 29 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:19:20
Play 30 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:21:23
Play 31 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 3 Expatriate
00:20:19
Play 32 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 4 Expatriate
00:18:02
Play 33 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 5 Expatriate
00:19:50
Play 34 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 6 Expatriate
00:21:00
Play 35 XLI. On Death And Its Relation To The Indestructibility Of Our True Nature, Pt. 7 Expatriate
00:21:07
Play 36 XLII. The Life Of The Species Expatriate
00:19:52
Play 37 XLIII. On Heredity, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:16:35
Play 38 XLIII. On Heredity, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:22:36
Play 39 XLIV. The Metaphysics Of The Love Of The Sexes, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:21:07
Play 40 XLIV. The Metaphysics Of The Love Of The Sexes, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:20:36
Play 41 XLIV. The Metaphysics Of The Love Of The Sexes, Pt. 3 Expatriate
00:20:03
Play 42 XLIV. The Metaphysics Of The Love Of The Sexes, Pt. 4 Expatriate
00:25:22
Play 43 XLV. On The Assertion Of The Will To Live Expatriate
00:12:49
Play 44 XLVI. On The Vanity And Suffering Of Life, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:21:47
Play 45 XLVI. On The Vanity And Suffering Of Life, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:23:42
Play 46 XLVII. On Ethics, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:20:47
Play 47 XLVII. On Ethics, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:19:34
Play 48 XLVIII. On The Doctrine Of The Denial Of The Will To Live, Pt. 1 Expatriate
00:22:12
Play 49 XLVIII. On The Doctrine Of The Denial Of The Will To Live, Pt. 2 Expatriate
00:20:37
Play 50 XLVIII. On The Doctrine Of The Denial Of The Will To Live, Pt. 3 Expatriate
00:25:53
Play 51 XLVIII. On The Doctrine Of The Denial Of The Will To Live, Pt. 4 Expatriate
00:23:56
Play 52 XLIX. The Way Of Salvation Expatriate
00:17:10
Play 53 L. Epiphilosophy Expatriate
00:18:50
Play 54 APPENDIX: Essay on the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason Expatriate
00:22:54