The South American Republics, Part I

Thomas Cleland DAWSON (1835 - 1912)

The question most frequently asked me since I began my stay in South America has been: "Why do they have so many revolutions there?" Possibly the events recounted in the following pages may help the reader to answer this for himself. I hope that he will share my conviction that militarism has already definitely disappeared from more than half the continent and is slowly becoming less powerful in the remainder. Constitutional traditions, inherited from Spain and Portugal, implanted a tendency toward disintegration; Spanish and Portuguese tyranny bred in the people a distrust of all rulers and governments; the war of independence brought to the front military adventurers; civil disorders were inevitable, and the search for forms of government that should be final and stable has been very painful. On the other hand, the generous impulse that prompted the movement toward independence has grown into an earnest desire for ordered liberty, which is steadily spreading among all classes. Civic capacity is increasing among the body of South Americans and immigration is raising the industrial level. They are slowly evolving among themselves the best form of government for their special needs and conditions.

It is hard to secure from the tangle of events called South American history a clearly defined picture. At the risk of repetition I have tried to tell separately the story of each country, because each has its special history and its peculiar characteristics. All of these states have, however, had much in common and it is only in the case of the larger nations that social and political conditions have been described in detail. (Fragment of the Preface)

See the original text for the bibliography and numerous illustrations.

Genre(s): Early Modern, Modern (19th C)

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 INTRODUCTORY: THE DISCOVERIES AND THE CONQUEST part 1 Piotr Nater
00:21:23
Play 02 INTRODUCTORY: THE DISCOVERIES AND THE CONQUEST part 2 Piotr Nater
00:26:27
Play 03 ARGENTINA I: THE ARGENTINE LAND Piotr Nater
00:13:13
Play 04 ARGENTINA II: THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM Piotr Nater
00:17:29
Play 05 ARGENTINA III: THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY Piotr Nater
00:19:49
Play 06 ARGENTINA IV. THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY Piotr Nater
00:13:59
Play 07 ARGENTINA V. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE REVOLUTION Piotr Nater
00:26:36
Play 08 ARGENTINA VI. COMPLETION OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE Piotr Nater
00:27:05
Play 09 ARGENTINA VII. THE ERA OF CIVIL WARS Piotr Nater
00:24:36
Play 10 ARGENTINA VIII. CONSOLIDATION Piotr Nater
00:16:27
Play 11 ARGENTINA IX. THE MODERN ARGENTINE Piotr Nater
00:32:15
Play 12 PARAGUAY I. PARAGUAY UNTIL 1632 Piotr Nater
00:18:02
Play 13 PARAGUAY II. THE JESUIT REPUBLIC AND COLONIAL PARAGUAY Piotr Nater
00:15:27
Play 14 PARAGUAY III. FRANCIA'S REIGN Piotr Nater
00:14:08
Play 15 PARAGUAY IV. THE REIGN OF THE ELDER LOPEZ Piotr Nater
00:12:47
Play 16 PARAGUAY V. THE WAR Piotr Nater
00:19:14
Play 17 PARAGUAY VI. PARAGUAY SINCE 1870 Piotr Nater
00:07:22
Play 18 URUGUAY I. INTRODUCTION Piotr Nater
00:18:10
Play 19 URUGUAY II. PORTUGUESE AGGRESSIONS AND THE SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTRY Piotr Nater
00:11:16
Play 20 URUGUAY III. THE REVOLUTION Piotr Nater
00:16:45
Play 21 URUGUAY IV. INDEPENDENCE AND CIVIL WAR Piotr Nater
00:08:07
Play 22 URUGUAY V. CIVIL WAR AND ARGENTINE INTERVENTION Piotr Nater
00:11:09
Play 23 URUGUAY VI. COLORADOS AND BLANCOS Piotr Nater
00:18:26
Play 24 BRAZIL I. PORTUGAL Piotr Nater
00:12:48
Play 25 BRAZIL II. DISCOVERY Piotr Nater
00:13:57
Play 26 BRAZIL III. DESCRIPTION Piotr Nater
00:16:19
Play 27 BRAZIL IV. EARLY COLONISATION Piotr Nater
00:15:24
Play 28 BRAZIL V. THE JESUITS Piotr Nater
00:10:09
Play 29 BRAZIL VI. FRENCH OCCUPATION OF RIO Piotr Nater
00:10:49
Play 30 BRAZIL VII. EXPANSION Piotr Nater
00:11:48
Play 31 BRAZIL VIII. THE DUTCH CONQUEST Piotr Nater
00:16:59
Play 32 BRAZIL IX. EXPULSION OF THE DUTCH Piotr Nater
00:16:20
Play 33 BRAZIL X. THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY Piotr Nater
00:10:15
Play 34 BRAZIL XI. GOLD DISCOVERIES—REVOLTS—FRENCH ATTACKS Piotr Nater
00:12:32
Play 35 BRAZIL XII. THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY Piotr Nater
00:20:46
Play 36 BRAZIL XIII. THE PORTUGUESE COURT IN RIO Piotr Nater
00:14:51
Play 37 BRAZIL XIV. INDEPENDENCE Piotr Nater
00:13:08
Play 38 BRAZIL XV. REIGN OF PEDRO I. Piotr Nater
00:24:43
Play 39 BRAZIL XVI. THE REGENCY Piotr Nater
00:19:44
Play 40 BRAZIL XVII. PEDRO II. Piotr Nater
00:13:05
Play 41 BRAZIL XVIII. EVENTS OF 1849 TO 1864 Piotr Nater
00:14:39
Play 42 BRAZIL XIX. THE PARAGUAYAN WAR Piotr Nater
00:13:02
Play 43 BRAZIL XX. REPUBLICANISM AND EMANCIPATION Piotr Nater
00:20:27
Play 44 BRAZIL XXI. THE REVOLUTION—THE DICTATORSHIP—THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE REPUBLIC Piotr Nater
00:28:35