The Origins of Christianity

Thomas WHITTAKER (1856 - 1935)

The full title of this book is The Origins of Christianity with an Outline of Van Manen’s Analysis of The Pauline Literature. Willem Christiaan van Manen (1842-1905) was a Dutch theologian. The vast majority of van Manen’s radical criticism of the New Testament and Christian origins has never been translated into English.

In this book, Thomas Whittaker outlines the arguments of van Manen for an English-speaking audience. Van Manen’s work is not now generally known, but his views obtained notoriety by the articles and books that he wrote, in which he maintained that none of the Epistles that bear the Apostle Paul’s name were in fact written by him. From van Manen’s conclusions, Whittaker goes further and relegates the whole body of the New Testament to the second century, and even places the beginning of the Christian movement until after the destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70. Of Paul himself very little is certain, though Whittaker maintains that there may have been an itinerant preacher of that name. Whittaker comes to the conclusion that Jesus of Nazareth is entirely a mythical personage, but holds that what afterwards became Christianity or Paulinism had its origin in a Jewish-Messianic movement. (Summary by JoeD)

Genre(s): Myths, Legends & Fairy Tales, Religion, Antiquity

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 00 00 - Preface JoeD
00:12:17
Play 01 01 – Introduction-The Origins of Christianity. §1 Biblical Criticism and its Verification §2 The Church-State of Judea §3 Post-Biblical Eschatology of the Jews JoeD
00:33:31
Play 02 02 – Introduction-The Origins of Christianity. §4 Alexandrian Judaism §5 The Preparation for the Gospel JoeD
00:30:14
Play 03 03 – Introduction-The Origins of Christianity. §6 The Destruction of Jerusalem and its Consequences §7 The Anti-Hellenic Reaction JoeD
00:31:50
Play 04 04 – Introduction-The Origins of Christianity. §8 Paulinism §9 The Catholic Church §10 The Later History of Paulinism §11 Philosophy Against Revealed Religion §12 Conclusion JoeD
00:47:41
Play 05 05 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 1-The Acts of the Apostles. Section 1-The Origin of Acts JoeD
00:59:27
Play 06 06 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 1-The Acts of the Apostles. Section 2-Paul According to Acts JoeD
00:24:28
Play 07 07 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 2-The Epistle to the Romans §1 The Nature of the Work §2 The Unity of the Book §3 Its composition JoeD
00:34:51
Play 08 08 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 2-The Epistle to the Romans §4 Whence Came the Epistle? JoeD
00:58:40
Play 09 09 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 2-The Epistle to the Romans §5 Justification of the Proposed Explanation §6 The Antiquity of the Book JoeD
00:38:15
Play 10 10 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 3-The Epistles to the Corinthians. Part 1 – The First Epistle §1 The Nature of the Work §2 The Unity of the Book §3 Its Composition JoeD
00:26:42
Play 11 11 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 3-The Epistles to the Corinthians. Part 1 – The First Epistle §4 Whence Came the Epistle? JoeD
00:53:13
Play 12 12 – Van Manen on the Pauline Epistles. Part 3-The Epistles to the Corinthians. Part 2 – The Second Epistle §1 Character Unity Composition §2 Whence Came the Epistle? JoeD
00:47:46