The Life of Apollonius of Tyana

Flavius PHILOSTRATUS (170 - 247), translated by F. C. CONYBEARE (1856 - 1924)

Apollonius of Tyana (ca. 40-120 AD) was a Greek Pythagorean philosopher and teacher. He hailed from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Asia Minor. His date of birth is a matter of conjecture as some say he was roughly a contemporary of Jesus.

After Apollonius' death his name remained famous among philosophers and occultists. In a "novelistic invention" inserted in the Historia Augusta, Aurelian, at the siege of Tyana in 272, was said to have experienced a visionary dream in which Aurelian claimed to have seen Apollonius speak to him, beseeching him to spare the city of his birth. In part, Aurelian said that Apollonius told him "Aurelian, if you desire to rule, abstain from the blood of the innocent! Aurelian, if you will conquer, be merciful!"

By far the most detailed source is the Life of Apollonius of Tyana, a lengthy, novelistic biography written by the sophist Philostratus at the request of empress Julia Domna. Philostratus’ account shaped the image of Apollonius for posterity and still dominates discussions about him in our times. To some extent it is a valuable source because it contains data from older writings which were available to Philostratus but disappeared later on. Many think that it is full of obviously fictitious stories and dialogues. Modern Christian scholars challenge its credibility in many regards. They dismiss most of it as pure invention.

One of the essential sources Philostratus claimed to know are the memoirs or diary of Damis, an alleged disciple and companion of Apollonius. Some scholars believe the notebooks of Damis are an invention of Philostratus. In any case it is a literary fake. Philostratus describes Apollonius as a wandering teacher of philosophy and miracle worker who was active in Italy, Spain and Ethiopia and even travelled to Mesopotamia, Arabia and India. In particular, he tells lengthy stories of Apollonius entering the city of Rome in disregard of emperor Nero’s ban on philosophers, and later on being summoned, as a defendant to the court of emperor Domitian where he defied the emperor in blunt terms.

Apollonius may have never left the Greek East. Many contend that he never came to Western Europe and was virtually unknown there till the third century AD when empress Julia Domna, who was herself an Easterner, decided to popularize him and his teachings in Rome. For that purpose she commissioned Philostratus to write the biography, where Apollonius is exalted as a fearless sage with supernatural powers, even greater than Pythagoras. Philostratus implies that upon his death, Apollonius of Tyana underwent heavenly assumption. Subsequently Apollonius was worshipped by Julia’s son emperor Caracalla and possibly also by her grand-nephew emperor Severus Alexander.

Two biographical sources earlier than Philostratus are lost: a book by emperor Hadrian’s secretary Maximus of Aegae describing Apollonius’ activities in the city of Aegae in Cilicia, and a biography by a certain Moiragenes. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Karen Merline)

Genre(s): Biography & Autobiography, Ancient, Other religions

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 Vol 1 Bk 1 Ch 01-09 Fr. Richard Zeile of Detroit
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Play 02 Vol 1 Bk 1 Ch 10-19 JoeD
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Play 03 Vol 1 Bk 1 Ch 20-28 JoeD
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Play 04 Vol 1 Bk 1 Ch 29-40 JoeD
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Play 05 Vol 1 Bk 2 Ch 01-11 JoeD
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Play 06 Vol 1 Bk 2 Ch 12-21 JoeD
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Play 07 Vol 1 Bk 2 Ch 22-32 Anna Simon
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Play 08 Vol 1 Bk 2 Ch 33-43 JoeD
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Play 09 Vol 1 Bk 3 Ch 01-15 JoeD
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Play 10 Vol 1 Bk 3 Ch 16-27 JoeD
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Play 11 Vol 1 Bk 3 Ch 28-39 JoeD
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Play 12 Vol 1 Bk 3 Ch 40-58 JoeD
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Play 13 Vol 1 Bk 4 Ch 01-15 JoeD
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Play 14 Vol 1 Bk 4 Ch 16-24 JoeD
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Play 15 Vol 1 Bk 4 Ch 25-34 Leni
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Play 16 Vol 1 Bk 4 Ch 35-46 Leni
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Play 17 Vol 1 Bk 5 Ch 01-12 Leni
00:20:12
Play 18 Vol 1 Bk 5 Ch 13-24 Mary Schneider
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Play 19 Vol 1 Bk 5 Ch 25-34 Mary Schneider
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Play 20 Vol 1 Bk 5 Ch 35-43 JoeD
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Play 21 Vol 2 Bk 6 Ch 1-10 JoeD
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Play 22 Vol 2 Bk 6 Ch 11-20 JoeD
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Play 23 Vol 2 Bk 6 Ch 21-30 JoeD
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Play 24 Vol 2 Bk 6 Ch 31-43 JoeD
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Play 25 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 1-7 JoeD
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Play 26 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 8-12 JoeD
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Play 27 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 13-19 JoeD
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Play 28 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 20-28 JoeD
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Play 29 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 29-38 JoeD
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Play 30 Vol 2 Bk 7 Ch 39-42 JoeD
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Play 31 Vol 2 Bk 8 Ch 1-6 JoeD
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Play 32 Vol 2 Bk 8 Ch 7 pt 1 JoeD
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Play 33 Vol 2 Bk 8 Ch 7 pt 2 JoeD
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Play 34 Vol 2 Bk 8 Ch 8-19 JoeD
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Play 35 Vol 2 Bk 8 Ch 20-31 JoeD
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Play 36 Vol 2 The Epistles of Apollonius of Tyana, 1-37 JoeD
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Play 37 Vol 2 The Epistles of Apollonius of Tyana, 38-61 JoeD
00:26:25
Play 38 Vol 2 The Epistles of Apollonius of Tyana, 62-97 JoeD
00:15:39
Play 39 Vol 2 The Treatise of Eusebius, Ch 1-10 Andrew Coleman
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Play 40 Vol 2 The Treatise of Eusebius, Ch 11-21 Andrew Coleman
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Play 41 Vol 2 The Treatise of Eusebius, Ch 22-29 Andrew Coleman
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Play 42 Vol 2 The Treatise of Eusebius, Ch 30-40 Andrew Coleman
00:28:21
Play 43 Vol 2 The Treatise of Eusebius, Ch 41-42 Andrew Coleman
00:14:34