Arthur Hassall (1853 - 1930)

Guilio Raimondo (Cardinal Mazarin, 1602-1661), Richelieu's designated successor as chief minister of France, was a master of diplomacy. Though a cardinal, he was not a priest and was probably secretly married to the Queen-Mother, Anne of Austria. Together they ruled France, facing the great rebellion known as the Fronde, and with the help of the military genius of Turenne, prevailed over the armies of Spain, Austria, and the traitorous Grand Condé. Arthur Hassall writes of Mazarin that by the time of his death in 1661 he had, through "patience, perseverance, and sagacity," fulfilled Richelieu's foreign policy and made the twenty-one year-old Louis XIV the absolute monarch of Europe's greatest power. (Pamela Nagami)

Genre(s): War & Military

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 Ch. 1: The Early Years of Mazarin's Ministry, 1643-1646 Pamela Nagami
Play 02 Ch. 2: Mazarin's Connection with the Rebellions in Naples and England, 1643-1649 Pamela Nagami
Play 03 Ch. 3: The Peace of Westphalia, 1648 Pamela Nagami
Play 04 Ch. 4: The Parliamentary Fronde, 1648-1649 Pamela Nagami
Play 05 Ch. 5: The Early Years of the New Fronde, 1649-1651 Pamela Nagami
Play 06 Ch. 6: The Close of the Fronde, 1651-1653 Pamela Nagami
Play 07 Ch. 7: The Spanish War and the English Alliance, 1648-1659 Pamela Nagami
Play 08 Ch. 8: The League of the Rhine and the Peace of the Pyrenees, 1658-1659 Pamela Nagami
Play 09 Ch. 9: Mazarin's Death, Character, and Work Pamela Nagami