Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee: A Bee Keeper's Manual

L. L. LANGSTROTH (1810 - 1895)

Langstroth revolutionized the beekeeping industry by using bee space in his top opened hive. In the summer of 1851 he found that, by leaving an even, approximately bee-sized space between the top of the frames holding the honeycomb and the flat coverboard lying above, he was able to quite easily remove the latter, which was normally well cemented to the frames with propolis making separation hard to achieve. Later he had the idea to use this discovery to make the frames themselves easily removable. He found that, if he left a small space (less than 1/4 inch or 6.4 mm) between the combs, or between the combs and the sides of his hives, the bees would fill it with propolis thus cementing the combs into the hive. On the other hand, when he left a larger space (more than 3/8 inch or 9.5 mm) the bees would fill it with comb which had a similar effect. (Summary from Wikipedia)

Genre(s): *Non-fiction, Nature, Science

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 00 00 - Preface And Advertisement LivelyHive
00:08:04
Play 01 01 - Ch 1: Introduction LivelyHive
00:29:45
Play 02 02 - Ch 2: The Honey Bee Capable Of Being Tamed Or Domesticated To A Most Surprising Degree LivelyHive
00:10:29
Play 03 03 - Ch 3: The Queen Or Mother-Bee, The Drones, And The Workers; With Various Highly Important Facts In Their Natural History, part 1 LivelyHive
00:50:15
Play 04 04 - Ch 3: The Queen Or Mother-Bee, The Drones, And The Workers; With Various Highly Important Facts In Their Natural History, part 2 LivelyHive
01:00:24
Play 05 05 - Ch. 4 Comb LivelyHive
00:21:18
Play 06 06 - Ch. 5 Propolis, Or "Bee-Glue" LivelyHive
00:10:09
Play 07 07 - Ch 6. Pollen, Or Bee-Bread LivelyHive
00:12:42
Play 08 08 - Ch. 7 On The Advantages Which Ought To Be Found In An Improved Hive LivelyHive
00:43:33
Play 09 09 - Ch. 8 Protection Against Extremes Of Heat And Cold, Sudden And Severe Changes Of Temperature, And Dampness In The Hives LivelyHive
00:36:32
Play 10 10 - Ch. 9 Ventilation Of The Hive LivelyHive
00:32:09
Play 11 11 - Ch. 10 (1) Natural Swarming, And Hiving Of Swarms, part 1 LivelyHive
00:35:27
Play 12 12 - Ch. 10 (1) Natural Swarming, And Hiving Of Swarms, part 2 LivelyHive
00:36:24
Play 13 13 - Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 1 LivelyHive
00:53:39
Play 14 14 - Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 2 LivelyHive
00:50:40
Play 15 15 - Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 3 LivelyHive
00:48:22
Play 16 16 - Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 4 LivelyHive
00:12:18
Play 17 17 - Ch. 11 The Bee-Moth, And Other Enemies Of Bees. Diseases Of Bees, part 1 LivelyHive
00:47:41
Play 18 18 - Ch. 11 The Bee-Moth, And Other Enemies Of Bees. Diseases Of Bees, part 2 LivelyHive
00:33:13
Play 19 19 - Ch. 12 Loss Of The Queen LivelyHive
00:33:12
Play 20 20 - Ch. 13 Union Of Stocks. Transferring Bees From The Common Hive. Starting An Apiary LivelyHive
00:43:27
Play 21 21 - Ch. 14 Robbing LivelyHive
00:23:11
Play 22 22 - Ch. 15 Directions For Feeding Bees, part 1 LivelyHive
00:40:53
Play 23 23 - Ch. 15 Directions For Feeding Bees, part 2 LivelyHive
00:25:37
Play 24 24 - Ch. 16 Honey. Pasturage. Overstocking LivelyHive
00:57:24
Play 25 25 - Ch. 17 The Anger Of Bees. Remedy For Their Sting. Bee-Dress. Instincts Of Bees LivelyHive
00:47:56
Play 26 Footnotes LivelyHive
00:09:13