Kalevala, The Land of the Heroes (Kirby translation)

Elias LÖNNROT (1802 - 1884), translated by William Forsell KIRBY (1844 - 1912)

The Kalevala is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian and Finnish oral folklore and mythology. It is regarded as the national epic of Karelia and Finland and is one of the most significant works of Finnish literature. The Kalevala played an instrumental role in the development of the Finnish national identity, the intensification of Finland's language strife and the growing sense of nationality that ultimately led to Finland's independence from Russia in 1917. The first version of The Kalevala (called The Old Kalevala) was published in 1835. The version most commonly known today was first published in 1849 and consists of 22,795 verses, divided into fifty songs. The title can be interpreted as "The Land of Kaleva" or "Kalevia." If the rhythm of the poetry sounds familiar to American readers, it is probably because Henry Wadsworth Longfellow borrowed its trochaic tetrameter form for his famous "Song of Hiawatha." Of the five complete translations of the Kalevala into English, it is only the older translations by John Martin Crawford (1888) and William Forsell Kirby (1907) which attempt strictly to follow the original rhythm (Kalevala meter) of the poems. Modern writers influenced by the Kalevala include J. R. R. Tolkien, whose epic "Lord of the Rings" trilogy make use of both style and content from the Finnish work. - Summary by Wikipedia (edited and supplemented by Expatriate)

Genre(s): Sagas

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 Runo 01 Expatriate
00:14:53
Play 02 Runo 02 Expatriate
00:17:17
Play 03 Runo 03 Expatriate
00:23:56
Play 04 Runo 04 Expatriate
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Play 05 Runo 05 Expatriate
00:10:06
Play 06 Runo 06 Expatriate
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Play 07 Runo 07 Expatriate
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Play 08 Runo 08 Expatriate
00:12:03
Play 09 Runo 09 Expatriate
00:23:12
Play 10 Runo 10 Expatriate
00:20:51
Play 11 Runo 11 Expatriate
00:16:04
Play 12 Runo 12 Expatriate
00:19:44
Play 13 Runo 13 Expatriate
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Play 14 Runo 14 Expatriate
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Play 15 Runo 15 Expatriate
00:24:56
Play 16 Runo 16 Expatriate
00:17:27
Play 17 Runo 17 Expatriate
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Play 18 Runo 18 Expatriate
00:27:20
Play 19 Runo 19 Expatriate
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Play 20 Runo 20 Expatriate
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Play 21 Runo 21 Expatriate
00:17:19
Play 22 Runo 22 Expatriate
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Play 23 Runo 23 Expatriate
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Play 24 Runo 24 Expatriate
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Play 25 Runo 25 Expatriate
00:32:38
Play 26 Runo 26 Expatriate
00:34:25
Play 27 Runo 27 Expatriate
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Play 28 Runo 28 Expatriate
00:13:04
Play 29 Runo 29 Expatriate
00:25:03
Play 30 Runo 30 Expatriate
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Play 31 Runo 31 Expatriate
00:15:55
Play 32 Runo 32 Expatriate
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Play 33 Runo 33 Expatriate
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Play 34 Runo 34 Expatriate
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Play 35 Runo 35 Expatriate
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Play 36 Runo 36 Expatriate
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Play 37 Runo 37 Expatriate
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Play 38 Runo 38 Expatriate
00:13:47
Play 39 Runo 39 Expatriate
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Play 40 Runo 40 Expatriate
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Play 41 Runo 41 Expatriate
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Play 42 Runo 42 Expatriate
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Play 43 Runo 43 Expatriate
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Play 44 Runo 44 Expatriate
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Play 45 Runo 45 Expatriate
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Play 46 Runo 46 Expatriate
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Play 47 Runo 47 Expatriate
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Play 48 Runo 48 Expatriate
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Play 49 Runo 49 Expatriate
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Play 50 Runo 50 Expatriate
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