Human Nature and Conduct - Part 3, The Place of Intelligence In Conduct

John DEWEY (1859 - 1952)

John Dewey, an early 20th Century American philosopher, psychologist, educational theorist, saw Social Psychology as much a physical science (with rules and predictive power) as Biology and Chemistry. This project encompasses Part 3 of 4 of his book Human Nature and Conduct. An Introduction to Social Psychology, published in 1922. Dewey's uses the words "HABIT" and "Impulse" as a specialized catch-all words to describe how a person and his/her objective environment interact. This interaction is the basis for moral and ethical judgments. Dewey writes: "All habits are demands for certain kinds of activity; and they constitute the self.” In other places he also asserts that "Habits are Will." In this third part of the book, Dewey describes how we make ethical judgments (Dramatic Rehearsal), the occasions which call upon the exercise of intelligence, and the relationship among aims, goals, means and ends, and emotions. ~ Summary by William Allan Jones, Soloist

Genre(s): *Non-fiction, Social Science (Culture & Anthropology)

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 Ch1. HABIT AND INTELLIGENCE: Habits and intellect; mind, habit and impulse. William Allan Jones
Play 02 Ch2. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THINKING:The trinity of intellect; conscience and its alleged separate subject-matter. William Allan Jones
Play 03 Ch3. THE NATURE OF DELIBERATION: Deliberation as imaginative rehearsal; preference and choice; strife of reason and passion; nature of reason. William Allan Jones
Play 04 Ch4. DELIBERATION AND CALCULATION: Error in utilitarian theory; place of the pleasant; hedonistic calculus; deliberation and prediction. William Allan Jones
Play 05 Ch5. THE UNIQUENESS OF GOOD: Fallacy of a single good; applied to utilitarianism; profit and personality; means and ends. William Allan Jones
Play 06 Ch6. THE NATURE OF AIMS:Theory of final ends; aims as directive means; ends as justifying means; meaning well as an aim; wishes and aims. William Allan Jones
Play 07 Ch7. THE NATURE OF PRINCIPLES: Desire for certainty; morals and probabilities; importance of generalizations. William Allan Jones
Play 08 Ch8. DESIRE AND INTELLIGENCE: Object and consequence of desire; desire and quiescence; self-deception in desire; desire needs intelligence; nature of idealism; living in the ideal. William Allan Jones
Play 09 Ch9. THE PRESENT AND FUTURE: Subordination of activity to result; control of future; production and consummation; idealism and distant goals. William Allan Jones