History Of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, Vol. 3

Gaston MASPERO (1846 - 1916), translated by M. L. MCCLURE ( - 1918)

History Of Egypt, Chaldæa, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria is the masterwork of one of the fathers of modern egyptology. This work, in twelve volumes, was translated from the French original, “Histoire ancienne des peuples de l'Orient classique” by E. L. McClure and published in 1903-1904. Maspero was a largely self-taught master of hieroglyphic translation. In November 1880, he was placed at the head of a French archeological mission, which developed later into the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale. Maspero then succeeded Mariette as director-general of excavations and of the antiquities of Egypt.

“Aware that his reputation was then more as a linguist than an archaeologist, Maspero's first work in the post was to build on Mariette's achievements at Saqqara. He expanded their scope from the early Old Kingdom to the later, with particular interest in tombs with long and complete hieroglyphic inscriptions that could help illustrate the development of the Egyptian language. Selecting five later Old Kingdom tombs, he was successful in that aim, finding over 4000 lines of hieroglyphics which were then sketched and photographed.

“As an aspect of his attempt to curtail the rampant illegal export of Egyptian antiquities by tourists, collectors and agents for the major European and American museums, Maspero arrested the Abd al-Russul brothers from the notorious treasure-hunting village of Gorna, who confessed under torture to having found the great cache of royal mummies at Deir el-Bahri in July 1881. The cache was moved to Cairo as soon as possible to keep it safe from robbers.

“In 1886 he resumed work begun by Mariette to uncover the Sphinx, removing more than 65 feet of sand and seeking tombs below it (which he did not find, but have later been found but not opened).”

Maspero went on to sponsor and expand the system of national museums and presided over the growing collection of the Bulak Museum. Maspero gave a 17 year old Howard Carter his first Egyptological job – and it was he who recommended Carter to Lord Carnarvon. Carter and Carnarvon would go on to doscover the tomb of King Tutankhaman.

In the third volume of this master work, Maspero tackles ancient Chaldea, her gods and temples, and the civilization of Chaldea. (Summary from Wikipedia)

Genre(s): Antiquity

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 01 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 1 Sibella Denton
00:13:01
Play 02 02 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 2 Sibella Denton
00:09:15
Play 03 03 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 3 Sibella Denton
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Play 04 04 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 4 Sibella Denton
00:11:12
Play 05 05 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 5 Sibella Denton
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Play 06 06 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 6 Sibella Denton
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Play 07 07 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 7 Sibella Denton
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Play 08 08 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 8 Sibella Denton
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Play 09 09 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 9 Sibella Denton
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Play 10 10 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 10 Sibella Denton
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Play 11 11 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 11 Sibella Denton
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Play 12 12 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 12 Sibella Denton
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Play 13 13 - Ch. 1: Ancient Chaldaea, pt. 13 Sibella Denton
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Play 14 14 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 1 Sibella Denton
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Play 15 15 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 2 Sibella Denton
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Play 16 16 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 3 Sibella Denton
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Play 17 17 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 4 Sibella Denton
00:12:25
Play 18 18 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 5 Sibella Denton
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Play 19 19 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 6 Sibella Denton
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Play 20 20 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 7 Sibella Denton
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Play 21 21 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 8 Sibella Denton
00:13:32
Play 22 22 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 9 Sibella Denton
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Play 23 23 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 10 Sibella Denton
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Play 24 24 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 11 Sibella Denton
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Play 25 25 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 12 Sibella Denton
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Play 26 26 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 13 Sibella Denton
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Play 27 27 - Ch. 2: The Temples and the Gods of Chaldaea, pt. 14 Sibella Denton
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Play 28 28 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 1 Sibella Denton
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Play 29 29 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 2 Sibella Denton
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Play 30 30 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 3 Sibella Denton
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Play 31 31 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 4 Sibella Denton
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Play 32 32 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 5 Sibella Denton
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Play 33 33 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 6 Sibella Denton
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Play 34 34 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 7 Sibella Denton
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Play 35 35 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 8 Sibella Denton
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Play 36 36 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 9 Sibella Denton
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Play 37 37 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 10 Sibella Denton
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Play 38 38 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 11 Sibella Denton
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Play 39 39 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 12 Sibella Denton
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Play 40 40 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 13 Sibella Denton
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Play 41 41 - Ch. 3: Chaldaean Civilization, pt. 14 Sibella Denton
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Play 42 42 - Appendix: Pharonic lists Sibella Denton
00:07:25