Backwater (Pilgrimage, Vol. 2)

Dorothy Richardson (1873 - 1957)

"Backwater" is the second volume of "Pilgrimage," a series of thirteen autobiographical novels by Dorothy Richardson considered to have pioneered the "stream of consciousness" technique of writing. In a review of the first volume in the series, "Pointed Roofs" (The Egoist April 1918), May Sinclair first applied the term "stream of consciousness" in her discussion of Richardson's stylistic innovations. Richardson, however, preferred the term "interior monologue." Miriam Henderson, the central character in Pilgrimage, is based on the author's own life between 1891 and 1915. Richardson is also important as a feminist writer because of the way her work assumes the validity and importance of female experiences as a subject for literature. Her wariness of the conventions of language, her bending of the normal rules of punctuation, sentence length, and so on, are used to create a feminine prose, which Richardson saw as necessary for the expression of female experience. Virginia Woolf in 1923 noted that Richardson "has invented, or, if she has not invented, developed and applied to her own uses, a sentence which we might call the psychological sentence of the feminine gender." In "Backwater," the quietly iconoclastic Miriam Richardson undertakes teaching responsibilities at a girls' school in North London; finding it to be impossible to conform to socially-acceptable interpretations of life, she anguishes over such issues as marriage, religion, the nature of happiness, and family relationships, while she begins to widen her horizons in the world. ( Wikipedia, edited by Expatriate)

Genre(s): Literary Fiction

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 Chapter 01, Sections 01-07 Expatriate
Play 02 Chapter 01, Sections 08-12 Expatriate
Play 03 Chapter 02, Sections 01-13 Expatriate
Play 04 Chapter 02, Sections 14-20 Expatriate
Play 05 Chapter 03, Sections 01-04 Expatriate
Play 06 Chapter 03, Sections 05-08 Expatriate
Play 07 Chapter 04, Sections 01-03 Expatriate
Play 08 Chapter 04, Sections 04-05 Expatriate
Play 09 Chapter 05 Expatriate
Play 10 Chapter 06, Sections 01-05 Expatriate
Play 11 Chapter 06, Sections 06-14 Expatriate
Play 12 Chapter 07, Sections 01-05 Expatriate
Play 13 Chapter 07, Sections 06-09 Expatriate
Play 14 Chapter 08, Sections 01-03 Expatriate
Play 15 Chapter 08, Sections 04-08 Expatriate
Play 16 Chapter 09 Expatriate
Play 17 Chapter 10, Sections 01-05 Expatriate
Play 18 Chapter 10, Sections 06-15 Expatriate