Herbert Gouveneur Ogden (1846 - 1906)
An American geographer, topographer, civil engineer, and cartographer. Ogden was born on April 4, 1846, in New York. In 1863 he joined the US Coast and Geodetic Survey, where he originally worked on the defenses of Washington DC during the American Civil War. The following year he went to map the coast of North Carolina for the Union Navy. In 1865 he went on an expedition to Nicaragua, and in 1870 to Panama and the Darien. He married in Brooklyn, in 1872, and co-founded the National Geographic Society in 1888. In 1893 he mapped the Alaska-Canada border.
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