Army Letters from an Officer's Wife, 1871-1888

Frances M. A. Roe ( - 1920)

"There appeared from the bushes in front of me, and right in the path, two immense gray wolves . . . Rollo saw them and stopped instantly, giving deep sighs, preparing to snort, I knew . . . To give myself courage, I talked to the horse, slowly turning him around . . . when out of the bushes in front of us, there came a third wolf! The situation was not pleasant and without stopping to think, I said ‘Rollo, we must run him down - now do your best’ and taking a firm hold of the bridle, and bracing myself in the saddle, I struck the horse with my whip and gave an awful scream. . .

Thus, the spunky and resourceful Frances Roe recounts one of her many adventures. Frances was the young wife of a West Point Army officer, whose career took them both to frontier garrisons in what are now the states of Kansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Utah, Montana, and Wyoming. Her letters home to her family in upstate New York, written between 1871 and 1888, and published in book form in 1909, are a fascinating chronicle of life on the frontier. Despite the grittiness of keeping house in tent-and-log-cabin quarters, Frances took to Western life, learning to shoot and ride (side saddle), fly fish for trout and hunt buffalo. Her letters, chatty and detailed, open windows on varied aspects of frontier and army life: army protocol (including the right of senior officers to bump subordinates out of their housing ); the Indian tribes--Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Apache, Kiowa (ceremonial visits from chiefs as well as Indian warfare); the black cavalry troops (at Camp Supply in Indian Territory); Chinese cooks (also Polish, Irish, and enlisted men doing kitchen duty). Her letters span years of rapid change in the West. They touch on the disappearance of the buffalo herds, the decline of the Indian tribes and the coming of the railroads. Even Yellowstone Park, established in 1872, gets a mention: “Now that the park can be reached by railroad, all of the generals, congressmen, and judges are seized with a desire to inspect it--in other words, it gives them a fine excuse for an outing at Uncle Sam’s expense.”

Her emotions run deep when she writes: “I love army life here in the West, and I love all the things that it brings to me--the grand mountains, the plains, and the fine hunting.” But, Frances’ husband, Fayette Washington Roe, is eventually promoted to a headquarters desk job. Frances tries to evinse enthusiasm for town life: “since I cannot return to the plains, I might as well go to the city, where we will meet people of culture.” But even shopping for the necessary clothes distresses her: “Parasols have bothered me. I would forget to open them in the street, and would invariably leave them in the stores when shopping and then have to go about looking them up.” She then utters a timeless cry of urban angst: “It is the feeling of loneliness I mind here--of being lost and no one to search for me.” (written at a hotel in Omaha, Nebraska in August 1888) Anyone with nostalgia for or curiosity about the Old American West will certainly enjoy this book. (Summary by Sue Anderson)

Genre(s): War & Military, Memoirs, Letters

Language: English

Section Chapter Reader Time
Play 01 1871 Sue Anderson
Play 02 1872 Part 1 Sue Anderson
Play 03 1872 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 04 1873 Part 1 Sue Anderson
Play 05 1873 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 06 1873 Part 3 Sue Anderson
Play 07 1874-1877 Sue Anderson
Play 08 1877 Sue Anderson
Play 09 1878 Part 1 Sue Anderson
Play 10 1878 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 11 1879-1880 Sue Anderson
Play 12 1880 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 13 1880 Part 3 Sue Anderson
Play 14 1881-1882 Sue Anderson
Play 15 1882 Sue Anderson
Play 16 1883-1884 Sue Anderson
Play 17 1884 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 18 1885 Sue Anderson
Play 19 1886-1887 Sue Anderson
Play 20 1888 Part 1 Sue Anderson
Play 21 1888 Part 2 Sue Anderson
Play 22 A Last Letter from 1888 Sue Anderson